The world's first organ transplant was performed by Indian doctors, who used skin grafts to repair injuries as early as 500 BCE.
The life-saving practice of organ transplantation has come a long way over the centuries. Today, more than 30,000 kidney, heart, lung, and other organ transplants happen each year. In honor of National Donor Day, here are a few facts about the history and the current practice of organ donation.
Skin, the body's largest organ, was also the first to be transplanted. Researchers have found evidence that Indian doctors pioneered the use of skin grafts to repair injuries. In 500 BCE (before the common era), a doctor named Sushruta performed the first rhinoplasty procedure by taking skin from a patient's forehead and transplanting it to the nose.