Lesotho

Lesotho


Lesotho, in Africa, is the only country on Earth to lie completely above 1000 meters in elevation.


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One of the last three kingdoms of Africa, Lesotho, is officially the Kingdom of Lesotho and is a land-locked country, surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. Lesotho is the only independent state in the world that lies entirely above 1,000 meters (3,300 ft) in elevation. With its lowest point at 1,400 meters (4, 593 ft) and with over 80% of the country lying above 1,800 meters (5, 900 ft), Lesotho is affectionately referred to as the Kingdom in the Sky or the Roof of Africa.

Lesotho coalesced in the early nineteenth century under the leadership of one of Africa's most visionary diplomats and warriors, Moshoeshoe I, from remnants of peoples displaced by an expanding Zulu kingdom during the MfecaneLlifaqane wars around 1818. King Moshoeshoe I (1786-1870) provided refuge and formed alliances with an amalgam of clans and chiefdoms of southern Sotho people who occupied the area which is presently the Northern and Eastern Free State and Western Lesotho.


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