Lateran Pacts

Lateran Pacts


Benito Mussolini signed Vatican City into existence.


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The dispute between the Italian government and the Catholic Church ended in 1929 with the signing of the Lateran Pacts, which allowed the Vatican to exist as its sovereign state and compensated the church $92 million (more than $1 billion in today's money) for the Papal States. The Vatican used the payment as seed money to re-grow its coffers. Mussolini, the head of the Italian government, signed the treaty on behalf of King Victor Emmanuel III.


Lateran Pacts

Benito Mussolini signed Vatican City into existence.

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Archivum Secretum

The Vatican Secret Archives is not so secret. Accredited researchers and scholars are free to glance at the documents and correspondences that lie within the walls.

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