The lowest temperature on Earth was recorded -144 F (-98 C) in Antarctica.
The barren and totally inhospitable East Antarctic Plateau is home to the coldest temperatures on the planet. And, as if this place wasn't scary enough, scientists recently announced that their instruments indicate that it is, in fact, even colder than previously thought. What's more, the new study suggests that the new record low corresponds with the limit of how cold it can get at Earth's surface.
In 2013, researchers reported that the coldest temperature on Earth is minus 93 degrees Celsius (minus 135 degrees Fahrenheit). However, an updated analysis using data gathered by NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites and NOAA's Polar Operational Environmental Satellites during the Southern Hemisphere's winter between 2004 and 2016, came up with lower values. Turns out that this white hell can be as cold as minus 98 degrees Celsius (minus 144 degrees Fahrenheit) between 6 to 9 ft. (1.8 to 2.7 m) deep within the ice.
Because cold air is denser than warmer air, it gets pushed downward, into ice cracks and hollows. The most favorable conditions for the lowest temperature extremes were during clear winters skies and dry air. The latter significantly lowers the temperature because water vapor traps heat in the air