In 1978, the first baby was born in Antarctica: Emilio Marcos Palma.
The first human born on the continent of Antarctica was Emilio Marcos Palma, who was born at the Argentine army's Esperanza Base near the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula on January 7, 1978.
His birth was not happenstance, however; at that time Britain, Chile, and Argentina (all signatories to the 1959 Antarctic Treaty) were competing to affirm the sovereignty of the icy island. One way for a government to demonstrate its commitment and assert an aura of authority was to populate the land with native-born citizens.
Captain Jorge Emilio Palma was the head of the Argentine army detachment at the base and just happened to have a pregnant wife back at home. The Argentinean government airlifted Silvia Morella de Palma, who was seven months along, to Antarctica specifically for her producing the first natural-born Antarctican citizen.